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  • LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 Crystals
  • LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 Crystals

LiNbO3 and MgO:LiNbO3 Crystals

  • Broad transparent optical range of 0.3 to 5.2 micro
  • High nonlinearities and damage threshold 
  • Non-dopant LiNbO3,MgO (0.6% to 5.0%) doped LiNbO3, and PPLN available
  • Offered in blanks/laser-grade-polished/coated modules, with optional electrodes configured
  • Versatile Applications: SHG, OPO/OPA, DFM, SFG, EO Modulations, Phase-Matching, TPO (Tera-hertz Wave Parametric Oscillators), Optical Waveguides
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Crystal Materials

MgO:LiNbO3 Crystals (MgO doping concentration 0.6-1.0mol% or 5mol%),

LiNbO3 Crystal

Dimension Custom
Width and Height Tolerance W(+/-0.1mm) x H(+/-0.1mm) Length Tolerance +/-0.2mm
Surface Quality 20/10 S/D Parallelism <20 arc seconds
Flatness < Lambda/10 @633nm Perpendicularity <5 arc minutes
Perpendicularity <5 arc minutes Chamfer 0.2mmx45°
Lateral Surface Fine ground Orientation Tolerance < 10 arc minutes
Wavefront Distortion <Lambda/4@633nm

LiNbO3 (Lithium Niobate) Crystals are one of the most versatile crystals with their unique electro-optic, piezo-electric properties. In the area of nonlinear optics, the diversified usages of LiNbO3 include, conversion of frequencies and electro-optic modulation, etc. It is an excellent medium for SHG at wavelengths > 1µm, Optical Parametric Oscillation (OPO), Optical Parametric Amplifiers (OPA), and generation of tunable infrared output using difference mixing of frequencies. LiNbO3 features broad spectral transmission (0.3-5.2 micro) ranging from the Visible to MWIR wavelengths and a high laser-induced damage threshold. The large nonlinearities of LiNbO3 also suggest that higher effective nonlinear coefficients (deff) could be achieved at lower power intensities.

Compared with LiNbO3, MgO:LiNbO3 (Magnesium Doped Lithium Niobate) Crystal has a higher optical damage threshold than normal lithium niobate and therefore should be considered for high power applications. Also, LiNbO3 is susceptible to photorefractive damage, which is a detrimental trait for the conversion of frequencies. The problem could be alleviated using MgO doped lithium niobate, which is less prone to optical damage. In addition, MgO: LiNbO3 exhibits its particular advantages for Non-Critical Phase Matched (NCPM) Second Harmonic Generation/Doubling Frequencies (SHG) at room temperature, and SFG.

Due to its large Electro-Optic (E-O) coefficients, LiNbO3 crystals are also the ideal medium for manufacturing EO modulators.

Hangzhou Shalom EO provides custom LiNbO3 and MgO(0.6~1.0%)/MgO(5mol%) Doped LiNbO3 Crystals for Nonlinear Optical Processing. The crystals are available in the form of blanks, or laser-grade-polished/coated. Modules with electrodes are available upon your request. Besides, EO Grade LiNbO3/MgO:LiNbO3 Crystals, and Periodical Poled Lithium Niobate (PPLN) Crystals for Quasi Phase Matched (QPM) conversion of frequencies, fabricated Y128/Y36/Y/Z-Cut LiNbO3 SAW Wafers are also accessible in Shalom EO. 

Application of Lithium Niobate and MgO Doped Lithium Niobate:

1. Second Harmonic Generation,in particular for 1064nm Nd:YAG lasers and low power laser diodes between 1.3-1.55 micros

2. OPO for Generation of the tunable laser output in the IR range

3. MgO:LiNbO3 has the additional advantage of higher resistance to photorefractive damage, therefore could handle high-power applications

4. MgO:LiNbO3 could also realize Non-critical Phase Matched conversion of frequencies under room temperature, saving the cost of a crystal oven for maintaining temperatures.

5. Electro-optic Modulation. Lithium Niobate is an ideal material to be incorporated into EO modulators such as pockels cells, with the virtues of low half-wave/quarter-wave voltage, and low residential birefringence.

6. PPLN crystals are superior for Quasi-Phase-Matched conversion of frequencies, and optical parametric oscillation. Compared to Critical Phase Matching based on the birefringence of materials, QPM is less a victim of the spatial walk-off, and the deff could be utilized more to the full.